Greenhouse Work – We all know that plants can grow well when they have good climate with a water source.
A greenhouse is a structure that is typically made up of plastic or glass which would have either a metal frame or a wooden frame.
These greenhouse structures are familiar to nearly everyone.
Whether you are living in a large town or a rural area, you see these structures from time to time.
How does a greenhouse?
Greenhouse structures work by taking in sunlight and heating.
This method is the conversion of heat (thermal energy) to sunlight (solar energy).
Greenhouses are designed to allow sunlight to filter through the walls and greenhouse ceilings.
The sunlight creating environment warms inside.
This process helps the plants and vegetables to grow properly.
How Does a Greenhouse Work?
A greenhouse allows solar energy in and sustains the environment smooth, but how?
The clear glass or plastic on greenhouse ceilings and walls allows solar energy into the structure.
The vegetables and plants absorb the solar energy (sunlight) and convert this to heat.
When the heat is expatriated it becomes trapped in the greenhouse structure.
The sunlight also helps the air warm.
It is the conversion of solar energy to heat.
With more sunlight coming in and, everything inside greenhouse structure heats up further.
The plants, soil, and circulating air get warm and moist.
This method is known as convection that as the plants heat up, they create humidity.
Humidity is amount of water vapor that is a potent greenhouse gas.
Humidity also helps the plants to retain water.
In colder greenhouse climate additional heat ought to be added to keep the greenhouse temperature constant.
During hot greenhouse climate, ventilation will let exchange air in the structure and heat escape.
A good ventilation greenhouse system is crucial in the event that warm air ought to be released.
Some greenhouse growers do it by opening the doors of greenhouse structures. Greenhouse Maintenance Tips You Need to Know
Greenhouse gardening is a satisfying and rewarding endeavor for amateurs and professionals alike.
But you don’t have to be a professional to build your own greenhouse and create ravishing plants all year round.
There is so much information available in books, TV shows, and on the Internet that an amateur gardener with the resources and time can buy a greenhouse set, build it, and successfully raise vegetables, fruits and decorative plants inside it.
Tomatoes, onions, peppers, corn, pumpkins, carrots, radishes, greens of many varieties, strawberries, cucumbers, garlic and more can all be grown together in the greenhouse.
High light, humidity, temperature, moisture and fertilizer are all needed to accomplish greenhouse gardening.
Each plant might have slightly different needs and some similar.
Whatever your daily greenhouse regimen, make it routine and don’t over water.
Someone with a green thumb and a little experience could turn their amateur greenhouse pro just by selling some of the supply at the local farmer’s market.
If you find you consistently grow amazing garlic – consider specializing in garlic products, etc.
There are six main things an amateur gardener can do with greenhouse gardening.
Rise winter plants, safely store parent plants for next season, propagate and experiment with plants, raise a larger variety and a more continuous supply of food bearing plants, and easy cultivation of small vegetables for winter use.
There are a string of elements to plan out before you choose a greenhouse design and begin the building process.
Consider the kind of workspace you will need.
Work benches? Potting shelves? How high? How many? What kind of wood? Sink? Where?
These are all questions that must be answered before choosing a design.
If you plan to use wood to build benches, make sure it is rot-resistant wood.
And avoid the pressure-treated wood, it contains highly toxic levels of arsenic and could poison your plants.
You can also buy a DIY kit to build your own work benches as well.
Another crucial planning element, regardless of the type of greenhouse gardening, size or design, tent or glass, is the orientation of the structure.
Plan to put it in a place where there is clearing toward the SE through the SW for as much winter sun as possible.
When planning the orientation, take into account the change in angle of the sun between summer and winter.
Hint: they are different angles. It is most ideal to align the greenhouse with the long side facing south.
This accomplishes two things: it reduces the amount of sides that might need shade cloth to just one.
Also this angle positions the roof to its maximum sun-hours-per-day position.
A good, reliable thermometer is also required for greenhouse success.
This lets the greenhouse gardener constantly monitor the greenhouse for temperature variations that could damage plants.
The thermometer lets you know when to ventilate when it gets too hot inside.
Keep track of temperature readings and watering routines/effects.
The information can help you see what plants are most successful when and good, legible records help your neighbor or loved one tend for your greenhouse plants while you are out of town.
Greenhouse management, as an occupation, incorporates aspects of many different disciplines.
Engineering, chemistry, biology and physics are all employed within the framework of a greenhouse.
Graceful integration of these varying aspects is the trademark of a well-trained greenhouse manager.
A greenhouse can be built around several basic designs.
Knowing what designs will enable the best use of space for growing is a key to effective greenhouse management.
The Quonset style, for instance, is a common design for a commercial greenhouse.
However, the arched style of this design means that there is limited growing space along the sides.
A gable style greenhouse, on the other hand, is built more like a house, with much taller walls supporting a pointed roof.
These are also much stronger designs and are therefore often made from glass.
Knowledge of biology and chemistry are essential parts of greenhouse management.
Because of the wide variety of plants contained within the average commercial greenhouse, a competent manager must be familiar with the biology and growth requirements for each species being sold.
Expertise is required for everything from the correct choice of grow medium and appropriate fertilizer to lighting conditions and irrigation needs. Proper nutrition is vital for growing healthy plants, of any variety.
A greenhouse manager must be able to provide the necessary nutrients for each of the different types of plants being grown; and most importantly, be able to diagnose when there are chemical deficiencies or imbalances.
These deficiencies can have detrimental effects on the plants and must be adequately addressed if the greenhouse is to be successful.
Irrigation is also an essential part of greenhouse management.
The irrigation system for a commercial greenhouse is the lifeblood of the operation.
Designing and maintaining these systems takes a great deal of knowledge and experience.
If done improperly can have adverse effects on the business.
Most greenhouses use watering systems that apply the water to the top of the grow medium.
But many also utilize hydroponic systems that have different maintenance requirements.
These systems can be further complicated by the variety of plants within the greenhouse, as different plants have different watering needs.
Effective greenhouse management must include knowledge of the chemistry of the water flowing through these irrigation systems.
Elements such as Magnesium, Calcium and Sodium must be monitored at all times to ensure proper plant growth.
The ability to properly balance these elements within the greenhouse water supply is often only gained through experience.
The ability to combine each of the above aspects, and use them in an effective manner, is the key to greenhouse management.
When you combine these pieces with the addition of personnel and supply management, the job of greenhouse management can seem like a daunting challenge.
However, as most people in these positions will attest, the rewards greatly outweigh the costs.
Starting a Greenhouse:
Greenhouses are best for starting seedlings, growing vegetables and wintering delicate plants to eat during the colder season.
They can also look very good in your home yard, depending upon what type of greenhouse structure you go for.
Greenhouses perform by allowing solar energy to pass through glass.
The walls of a structure work just like the atmosphere.
If you create a small greenhouse structure in your backyard.
You can build a mini-environment best for keeping your delicate flowers or plants alive in the colder season.
Lots of people will accept that if given the option, they would choose to eat greenhouse fresh vegetables and fruits over anything you can buy from a store.
Greenhouses are best for growing your own vegetables, flowers or fruits, but in most areas the weather condition is not conducive to all year growing season.
However, by greenhouse plan on your home or yard you can enjoy this all year round.
Starting a Greenhouse
For many individuals, the idea of starting a greenhouse structure can seem like a difficult job.
Remember that a greenhouse structure does not have to be some exotic construction project.
Of course, for numerous homeowners a simple, compact greenhouse structure is often the perfect design.
If you’ve never know, how to start a greenhouse, it is suggested that you do some homework before starting a greenhouse project.
Greenhouse kits are often available from online retailers and local home improvement shops.
It’s crucial to choose the appropriate greenhouse kits.
These kits come in a variety of sizes and shapes to match your specific needs.
These greenhouse kits can make the greenhouse construction project much more smoothly.
So whether you want to start a greenhouse structure that is a place to sit and watch a greenhouse or the plants that is intended to produce fruits, vegetables or flowers there are good reasons to considering about greenhouse gardening.
Tips for Working in a Greenhouse
Every grower has their own unique tips and tricks for working in a greenhouse structure.
From what, how, and when to plant, to the “solution” to raising the good tomatoes; the advices can be endless.
There are few common tips, however, that are basic to nearly ever greenhouse structure.
A greenhouse structure ought to get the maximum amount of light possible during winter and fall months.
That is why one of the most basic ideas for working in a greenhouse garden is first building it in the appropriate place.
As a basic rule, you don’t need anything blocking the greenhouse south side.
From a proper place you ought to be able to face south side and look from east side to west side without any hindrances.
If you have electricity in your greenhouse garden it is good while considering artificial light to the structure.
Plants need solar energy whether they grow in the greenhouse garden. A perfect quality full-spectrum fluorescent sunlight is best for the structure.
If you purchase perfect quality bulbs, they ought to last between 2 to 5 years and provide lighting that matches the rays of Sun.
Another of the more basic ideas for working in a greenhouse garden is proper ventilation.
This is true that plants and flowers needs warm temperatures for good growth; however, a greenhouse garden can often become too warm, which is why greenhouse ventilation is so crucial.
Being able to maintain an ample growing temperature will have a positive impact on greenhouse’s capability.
The installation of roof and louvered vents will maintain a good flow of air that ought to prevent heat and humidity build up.
If you want to growing healthy plants in your greenhouse garden it will be required to replenish the nutrients for structure at frequent intervals.
Test your greenhouse’s soil annually to maintain the proper levels.
How do Solar Greenhouse Work
Solar greenhouses, as their name suggests, utilize energy from the sun in order to meet their temperature needs.
The solar radiation from the sun passes through their surfaces to heat the ground.
The solar greenhouse design then traps this energy in order to maintain the higher temperature it needs.
The walls and ceiling of these useful structures also serve to prevent the warmer air within from mixing with the cooler air without.
A more technical way of saying this is that they prevent convection (heat transfer through moving gas or liquid) and conduction (transmission of heat from particle to particle within solids) from equalizing inner and outer temperatures.
Solar greenhouses will also serve to control internal temperature by controlling the transparency to the solar and terrestrial thermal radiation bands.
For a warmer temperature than the surrounding environment, more transparency is presented to the solar radiation band.
At the same time, more resistance to the thermal radiation band serves to trap the heat in greenhouse.
A surface that is more reflective to solar energy while less restrictive to the thermal radiation band will of course have the opposite effect- a cooler environment than the sounding temperatures.
Generally, solar greenhouses are utilized for the purpose of creating a warmer environment.
For this, a material is chosen which absorb some of the infrared (IR) radiation which is leaving the space.
A portion of this will be radiated back into the greenhouse.
As a result, there is less energy lost to the sky than would happen without such a structure.
So it can be seen that both heat loss through conduction and IR can be discouraged with good insulation and glazing which absorbs infrared radiation.
Another effective aspect to solar greenhouses is the optimized usage of the soil base.
A portion of the available heat during daytime will be absorbed by this mass.
At night, this becomes a source of radiant heat. If the enhancement of this effect is desirable, it is possible to do so by installing tubing for subterranean air circulation.
In addition to this, while a subterranean design can provide heating at night, it can also encourage cooling during the daytime through this same method of absorption.
Another method of encouraging this same effect of absorption include utilizing storage materials with a high capacity for heat.
Bins of sand and rock or containers of water are such examples.
Greenhouse overheating during the daytime can be prevented while the temperature during the more cool periods, such as night, can be maintained simply and effectively.
It is not very surprising that as both human civilization and science progress, better and better design develops as well.
Solar greenhouses benefit greatly from the newest and latest plastic surfaces and glazing options.
With better material and design, a greenhouse owner is better able to control both the wavelengths of incoming solar radiation as well as those of outgoing thermal infrared radiation.
Better insulation for the reduction of the conductive loss through glazing is another area which sees ongoing achievement.
Some owners will even use a “greenhouse-in-a-greenhouse” technique to provide extra warmth where it is needed in particular.
Constructed from either glass or plastics, solar greenhouses differ from standard greenhouse structures that absorb solar energy and keep in greenhouse structure.
They store the solar energy when the Sun is not shining.
Specifically in the Northern hemisphere (NH) sunlight exposure may be limited, especially in colder season.
A solar pit greenhouse allows the most of what solar energy is provided.
This process of heating and cooling needs to be complete with a minimum of solar energy input from other resources other than the Sun.
Passive solar is the cheapest and easiest way to maintain consistent heat in a greenhouse structure.
And what one isn’t searching for cheap.
The key elements for solar heat: sun, water, and insulation, are either very inexpensive.
The amount of solar energy trapped by solar greenhouse is crucial to regulate.
This is presumable to overheat the vegetables, ornamental, or herbs in the warmer season and in colder season precautions should be taken to sustain heat from escaping:
Since passive solar energy heating depends on the sun, it is crucial to ensure the structure receives as much direct solar heating as possible.
Brick, rocks or concrete on the dark ceramic flooring and northern exposure, will store solar energy that has been collected.
If there are simply a small amount of vegetables, ornamental, or herbs in the structures, water filled containers may boost the solar energy amount retained.
The south side wall is typically covered in order to maximize solar energy retention – additionally, the north facing wall may be insulated to sustain heat from escaping.
In addition, insulation could be placed over the greenhouse structure during nights and colder season to prevent further solar energy loss.
Solar greenhouses can be constructed as attached designs or free standing.
Attached designs are lean-to greenhouse structures that form a space jutting out from a barn or house.
These greenhouse structures provide room for herbs, transplants, or limited quantities of vegetables and plants.
Freestanding solar pit greenhouse is large enough for the commercial purpose of vegetables, ornamentals, or herbs.
Greenhouse Maintenance Hacks You Need to Know
Greenhouse Maintenance Hacks You Need to Know if you have a greenhouse or are you thinking about getting a greenhouse kit.
If so, it’s important that you know how to maintain it in order to keep your plants healthy and thriving.
Here are seven key greenhouse maintenance hacks and tips you need to know about.
Keep Your Greenhouse Clean
One of the most important ways you can work to keep your greenhouse in tip top shape is by keeping it clean both on the inside and outside.
When you clean your greenhouse can change depending on what you are growing.
The general rule is to clean it during the winter or at the beginning of spring.
For certain kinds of plants, cleaning it in the middle of autumn is also appropriate.
For the inside of your greenhouse, throw out any debris and organize any empty pots and tools.
Then prepare to clean the surfaces in your greenhouse with warm water and a sponge, and even disinfectant if you choose to make it sterile.
Don’t forget to unplug any electrical elements you might have running in your greenhouse first.
For the outside of your greenhouse, carefully remove any debris around it and use warm water and a sponge to clean the walls.
For the roof, a mop with a long handle will help clean the panels.
Remember to be careful, never lean against the roof.
Always choose a dry day to clean your greenhouse when you can open all of its windows, vents, and doors.
Look for Greenhouse Damage
Greenhouse maintenance also involves regularly checking the structure itself to make sure there is no damage.
It’s easiest to check for cracks in the glass or possible rot on a wooden frame during your cleaning process.
It can’t hurt to check often for these signs especially if you’ve experienced a rough winter.
Spotting indications of damage early that need to be fixed will help ensure that your plants are in the best and healthiest environment possible for them.
Greenhouse Pest Control Hacks
Pests are unwanted guests for any plant, and they can be detrimental to the garden in your greenhouse.
To help retain a pest-free greenhouse, there are preventative measures you can take.
Watch your plants in your greenhouse carefully for any signs of damage from pests.
You’ll also want to inspect new plants you’re planning to introduce into your garden too for signs of pests before you bring them inside your greenhouse.
Even if you’re watchful, pests might still sneak onto your plants.
If you notice leaves with holes in them or certain plants dying.
It’s a good idea to remove them from your greenhouse as soon as possible so other plants aren’t infected.
Research natural ways to help get rid of any remaining pests, such as using ladybugs to help take care of pesky aphids.
Your plants are living things, and require regular air flow to help them breathe and grow.
Check consistently to make sure your greenhouse’s ventilation system is working properly.
Ensure the air vents are open at all times.
This is critical to your greenhouse because the vents are what allow the hot air to move out of the greenhouse, and cooler air to move inside.
This exchange helps balance the climate and humidity in your greenhouse and is essential to the livelihood of your garden.
If your vents, louvres, or any other openings in your greenhouse are squeaky or sticking, use some oil to help lubricate them to make sure they continue to work efficiently.
Greenhouse Maintenance Hacks for Watering Supplies
Greenhouse maintenance also entails making sure your tools and supplies are working properly too.
If you have a watering system installed, make sure it is running smoothly without any problems.
If you have a hose connected to your greenhouse, make sure it does not have any holes, cracks, or blockages that are preventing it from giving your plants the adequate amount of water they need.
To check for problems like these, take off any attachments you might have on your hose and assess the water flow on its highest setting.
This will reveal any potential problem areas in the hose that you need to address.
If you discover holes or cracks in your hose, it’s time to replace it.
Remember to always include equipment checks in your greenhouse maintenance routine!
Prune And Rotate Your Greenhouse Plants
To keep the plants in your greenhouse healthy and strong, devote some time to pruning them and rearranging them when needed.
Trim off dead or dying leaves to make sure the nutrients from the soil are going to the living parts of your plants.
If you notice that there are certain parts of your plants that are getting more sun than others, don’t be afraid to rotate them.
Turning your plants will help make sure that they receive an equal amount of light and that they grow evenly.
Make Room in Your Greenhouse for Your Plants to Grow
Additionally, make sure there is enough space between your plants for them to grow.
If they’re close and crowded together, their growth can be hindered.
Use a ruler to make sure your spacing is consistent, or step back and view your pots to see if any are too close together.
Just like rotating your plants, making sure they have that extra room to grow will help ensure that all sides of your plants will be able to receive an equal amount of light.
Make Greenhouse Maintenance Part of Your Routine
Greenhouses require a lot of work to maintain, but it’s worth it for the thriving gardens they help create.
Make your greenhouse maintenance a part of your routine to help make sure that your plants receive the nurturing environment they deserve.
Remember to keep your greenhouse clean, damage and pest free.
Make sure it is properly ventilated.
Keep your plants healthy by pruning them, rotating them, and providing them with extra space to grow.
Are you looking to start a greenhouse or are you in need of supplies?
Let us know how we can help you with your greenhouse needs today!