Trying to choose the perfect greenhouse design?
There are many unique types of greenhouses plenty of design options to choose from. If you’re new to greenhouses, it can be hard to begin understanding the many choices available to you
Luckily, this article will tell you everything you need to know.
Here are a few crucial tips to help you choose the perfect greenhouse design.
Choose a Structure For Your Greenhouse Design
First of all, you’ll want to decide what type of greenhouse you want. There are a few greenhouse structures that are most common.
Below are a few of the main greenhouse types.
A gable greenhouse is a popular type that is usually attached to a wall or garage. This style also typically features flat roof panels and vertical sidewalls that are slightly sloped.
A barn-style greenhouse is exactly like it sounds. These greenhouses have are similar in appearance as a traditional barn. The greenhouse features a wide roof along with shorter interior walls.
This style is often used in a country setting. It can be an excellent choice if you’re going for a rustic-styled look.
A dome shaped greenhouse is spherical and free standing. It often won’t feature any side walls.
This type of greenhouse structure can be a bit more expensive than other styles, however. This is due to the different types of glazing pieces that are needed for the design.
A gothic greenhouse can be either freestanding or can be attached to another wall or structure. Gothic greenhouses are, as you would expect, influenced by historic gothic architecture.
The walls and roof of this design are created with a continuous form which allows snow to easily fall down the sides during the winter.
A hoop structure greenhouse includes an enclosed plastic covering along with a metal pipe or PVC which forms a hoop shape.
This type of greenhouse uses either lightweight, weatherproof aluminum or sometimes wood or galvanized steel.
While it can be very cost effective to create a hoop greenhouse, it can require a lot of maintenance. It may cost more in the long run.
Don’t Forget The Ventilation
Proper ventilation is an important feature of any greenhouse. Ventilation helps to maintain and control temperature and can also protect against airborne diseases. Ventilation is especially crucial in tropical regions and warmer climates.
It’s important to have not just one or two, but multiple vents, to make sure that the ventilation is adequate throughout the year.
Additionally, it’s important to note that large volume greenhouses manage temperatures more easily compared to smaller structures.
Cast Some Shade
In addition to needing ventilation, a greenhouse design should have adequate shading as well. If you’re planning to use your greenhouse year-round, shading is especially important for the spring and summer months.
For the best results, you should utilize external shading rather than internal shading. Internal shading will do a great job at reducing light in a greenhouse, but will noticeably fall short in reducing temperature build-up.
Optimize Greenhouse Roof Pitch and Height
Having a greenhouse design with plenty of height and an adequate roof pitch is essential. This will help with maintaining a flexible growing environment and controlling temperature.
A roof should be pretty steep, so an angle of at least 25 degrees or greater from the horizontal is needed for best results.
Roof pitch will also give you additional working height above the staging of the greenhouse.
Additionally, adequate roof pitch will create a chimney effect, allowing warm air to rise and escape through the vents. Air frost, on the other hand, will take longer to descend and this will allow more protection for unheated plants.
Build a Strong Greenhouse Foundation
You also need to give some thought to the design of the greenhouse foundation. The foundation is the base of where your greenhouse will sit.
The foundation requirements will be decided by the type of greenhouse, local building codes, and personal preference.
Greenhouse bases can be made out of wood, concrete, galvanized steel, aluminum, or other materials. Attached greenhouses will usually have different requirements than freestanding structures.
Local building codes vary, so you will need to find out the specific requirements for your area.
One of the most important parts of a foundation is the footing, the part of the foundation where the greenhouse structure meets the soil.
Footers are usually cement and are determined by local codes as well as frost levels in the location. Footers aren’t always necessary, particularly for hobby greenhouses.
Choose Greenhouse Materials
Several materials can go into a greenhouse design.
As an alternative to glass, you can use polycarbonate, polyethylene plastic film, fiberglass, acrylic, or vinyl.
In the past, greenhouse frames were usually made with wood. In modern times, aluminum is also common for greenhouse frames and has several advantages over wood.
Aluminum is very durable and stable. Aluminum is also available in longer lengths, so it can be much more suitable for a larger structure.
Do Some Visualizing
It’s important to take into account the actual appearance of the greenhouse. You should consider where it will be located in your yard or home, as this will help to inform the design and appearance requirements of the design.
You may wish to treat a greenhouse that is in the center of a garden as a focal point.
As a general rule, a greenhouse with a dark color will be more hidden while a lighter greenhouse will draw more attention.
Decide on Your Budget
There’s a wide selection of designs, sizes, and costs for greenhouses.
The amount of space in the greenhouse is a big part of the cost. Larger spaces will usually cost a good bit more.
A greenhouse can be a built quite simply, or it can be more complex. A greenhouse kit can be a great way to get started with a greenhouse on a budget.
As a side note, it’s ideal that a greenhouse is subdivided with an internal partition. This allows two or more temperature zones in the greenhouse to be maintained at one time. Budget considerations will help you decide whether this is possible or not.
There are tons of unique and creative greenhouse designs to choose from, and plenty of ways you can design it to fit in with your home or space. These tips should give you a good idea of what is available for a greenhouse.
Budgets can vary. But no matter what your requirements and considerations, it may be easier than you think to get the greenhouse that is perfect for your home or garden.
Looking to learn more about greenhouse gardening? Read more about greenhouses and greenhouse kits.