We all know that plants can grow well when they have good climate with a water source. A greenhouse is a structure that is typically made up of plastic or glass which would have either a metal frame or a wooden frame. These greenhouse structures are familiar to nearly everyone.
Whether you are living in a large town or a rural area, you see these structures from time to time. How does a greenhouse? Greenhouse structures work by taking in sunlight and heating. This method is the conversion of heat (thermal energy) to sunlight (solar energy).
Greenhouses are designed to allow sunlight to filter through the walls and greenhouse ceilings. The sunlight creating environment warms inside. This process helps the plants and vegetables to grow properly.
How Does a Greenhouse Work?
A greenhouse allows solar energy in and sustains the environment smooth, but how? The clear glass or plastic on greenhouse ceilings and walls allows solar energy into the structure. The vegetables and plants absorb the solar energy (sunlight) and convert this to heat.
When the heat is expatriated it becomes trapped in the greenhouse structure. The sunlight also helps the air warm. It is the conversion of solar energy to heat. With more sunlight coming in and, everything inside greenhouse structure heats up further. The plants, soil, and circulating air get warm and moist. This method is known as convection that as the plants heat up, they create humidity.
Humidity is amount of water vapor that is a potent greenhouse gas. Humidity also helps the plants to retain water. In colder greenhouse climate additional heat ought to be added to keep the greenhouse temperature constant and during hot greenhouse climate, ventilation will let exchange air in the structure and heat escape.
A good ventilation greenhouse system is crucial in the event that warm air ought to be released. Some greenhouse growers do it by opening the doors of greenhouse structures.
Greenhouse gardening is a satisfying and rewarding endeavor for amateurs and professionals alike. But you don’t have to be a professional to build your own greenhouse and create ravishing plants all year round. There is so much information available in books, TV shows, and on the Internet that an amateur gardener with the resources and time can buy a greenhouse set, build it, and successfully raise vegetables, fruits and decorative plants inside it.
Tomatoes, onions, peppers, corn, pumpkins, carrots, radishes, greens of many varieties, strawberries, cucumbers, garlic and more can all be grown together in the greenhouse. High light, humidity, temperature, moisture and fertilizer are all needed to accomplish greenhouse gardening. Each plant might have slightly different needs and some similar.
Whatever your daily greenhouse regimen, make it routine and don’t over water. Someone with a green thumb and a little experience could turn their amateur greenhouse pro just by selling some of the supply at the local farmer’s market. If you find you consistently grow amazing garlic – consider specializing in garlic products, etc.
There are six main things an amateur gardener can do with greenhouse gardening: raise winter plants, safely store parent plants foe next season, propagate and experiment with plants, raise a larger variety and a more continuous supply of food bearing plants, and easy cultivation of small vegetables for winter use.
There are a string of elements to plan out before you choose a greenhouse design and begin the building process. Consider the kind of workspace you will need. Work benches? Potting shelves? How high? How many? What kind of wood? Sink? Where? These are all questions that must be answered before choosing a design.
If you plan to use wood to build benches, make sure it is rot-resistant wood. And avoid the pressure-treated wood – it contains highly toxic levels of arsenic and could poison your plants. You can also buy a DIY kit to build your own work benches as well.
Another crucial planning element – regardless of the type of greenhouse gardening, size or design, tent or glass, is the orientation of the structure. Plan to put it in a place where there is clearing toward the SE through the SW for as much winter sun as possible. When planning the orientation, take into account the change in angle of the sun between summer and winter.
Hint: they are different angles. It is most ideal to align the greenhouse with the long side facing south. This accomplishes two things: it reduces the amount of sides that might need shade cloth to just one. Also this angle positions the roof to its maximum sun-hours-per-day position. A good, reliable thermometer is also required for greenhouse success.
This lets the greenhouse gardener constantly monitor the greenhouse for temperature variations that could damage plants. The thermometer lets you know when to ventilate when it gets too hot inside. Keep track of temperature readings and watering routines/effects. The information can help you see what plants are most successful when and good, legible records help your neighbor or loved one tend for your greenhouse plants while you are out of town.
Greenhouse management, as an occupation, incorporates aspects of many different disciplines. Engineering, chemistry, biology and physics are all employed within the framework of a greenhouse. Graceful integration of these varying aspects is the trademark of a well-trained greenhouse manager.
A greenhouse can be built around several basic designs; therefore, knowing what designs will enable the best use of space for growing is a key to effective greenhouse management. The Quonset style, for instance, is a common design for a commercial greenhouse. However, the arched style of this design means that there is limited growing space along the sides.
A gable style greenhouse, on the other hand, is built more like a house, with much taller walls supporting a pointed roof. These are also much stronger designs and are therefore often made from glass.
Knowledge of biology and chemistry are essential parts of greenhouse management. Because of the wide variety of plants contained within the average commercial greenhouse, a competent manager must be familiar with the biology and growth requirements for each species being sold.
Expertise is required for everything from the correct choice of grow medium and appropriate fertilizer to lighting conditions and irrigation needs. Proper nutrition is vital for growing healthy plants, of any variety. A greenhouse manager must be able to provide the necessary nutrients for each of the different types of plants being grown; and most importantly, be able to diagnose when there are chemical deficiencies or imbalances.
These deficiencies can have detrimental effects on the plants and must be adequately addressed if the greenhouse is to be successful.
Irrigation is also an essential part of greenhouse management. The irrigation system for a commercial greenhouse is the lifeblood of the operation. Designing and maintaining these systems takes a great deal of knowledge and experience, and if done improperly can have adverse effects on the business.
Most greenhouses use watering systems that apply the water to the top of the grow medium, but many also utilize hydroponic systems that have different maintenance requirements. These systems can be further complicated by the variety of plants within the greenhouse, as different plants have different watering needs. Effective greenhouse management must include knowledge of the chemistry of the water flowing through these irrigation systems.
Elements such as Magnesium, Calcium and Sodium must be monitored at all times to ensure proper plant growth. The ability to properly balance these elements within the greenhouse water supply is often only gained through experience.
The ability to combine each of the above aspects, and use them in an effective manner, is the key to greenhouse management. When you combine these pieces with the addition of personnel and supply management, the job of greenhouse management can seem like a daunting challenge.
However, as most people in these positions will attest, the rewards greatly outweigh the costs. Starting a Greenhouse: Greenhouses are best for starting seedlings, growing vegetables and wintering delicate plants to eat during the colder season. They can also look very good in your home yard, depending upon what type of greenhouse structure you go for.
Greenhouses perform by allowing solar energy to pass through glass. The walls of a structure work just like the atmosphere. If you create a small greenhouse structure in your backyard, you can build a mini-environment best for keeping your delicate flowers or plants alive in the colder season. Lots of people will accept that if given the option, they would choose to eat greenhouse fresh vegetables and fruits over anything you can buy from a store.
Greenhouses are best for growing your own vegetables, flowers or fruits, but in most areas the weather condition is not conducive to all year growing season. However, by greenhouse plan on your home or yard you can enjoy this all year round.
Starting a Greenhouse
For many individuals, the idea of starting a greenhouse structure can seem like a difficult job. Remember that a greenhouse structure does not have to be some exotic construction project. Of course, for numerous homeowners a simple, compact greenhouse structure is often the perfect design.
If you’ve never know, how to start a greenhouse, it is suggested that you do some homework before starting a greenhouse project. Greenhouse kits are often available from online retailers and local home improvement shops. It’s crucial to choose the appropriate greenhouse kits. These kits come in a variety of sizes and shapes to match your specific needs.
These greenhouse kits can make the greenhouse construction project much more smoothly. So whether you want to start a greenhouse structure that is a place to sit and watch a greenhouse or the plants that is intended to produce fruits, vegetables or flowers there are good reasons to considering about greenhouse gardening.
Tips for Working in a Greenhouse
Every grower has their own unique tips and tricks for working in a greenhouse structure. From what, how, and when to plant, to the “solution” to raising the good tomatoes; the advices can be endless. There are few common tips, however, that are basic to nearly ever greenhouse structure.
A greenhouse structure ought to get the maximum amount of light possible during winter and fall months; that is why one of the most basic ideas for working in a greenhouse garden is first building it in the appropriate place. As a basic rule, you don’t need anything blocking the greenhouse south side. From a proper place you ought to be able to face south side and look from east side to west side without any hindrances.
If you have electricity in your greenhouse garden it is good while considering artificial light to the structure. Plants need solar energy whether they grow in the greenhouse garden. A perfect quality full-spectrum fluorescent sun light is best for the structure. If you purchase perfect quality bulbs, they ought to last between 2 to 5 years and provide lighting that matches the rays of Sun.
Another of the more basic ideas for working in a greenhouse garden is proper ventilation. This is true that plants and flowers needs warm temperatures for good growth; however, a greenhouse garden can often become too warm, which is why greenhouse ventilation is so crucial. Being able to maintain an ample growing temperature will have a positive impact on greenhouse’s capability.
The installation of roof and louvre vents will maintain a good flow of air that ought to prevent heat and humidity build up. If you want to growing healthy plants in your greenhouse garden it will be required to replenish the nutrients for structure at frequent intervals. Test your greenhouse’s soil annually to maintain the proper levels.